Images of America Series. Augusta Road was constructed in the 1830s as a trade route between Greenville, South Carolina, and Augusta, Georgia. Through Greenville’s textile boom, Augusta Road was transformed from a series of farms owned by some of Greenville’s forefathers to some of the city’s first suburbs and home to the South’s first retail shopping center. Today, Augusta Road continues to be a destination point because of its unique shopping district and is a desirable area for living and raising a family. Augusta Road residents include nationally known politicians and entertainers. Pub date: 2012.